Grammar: Word forms

Example errors

Look at the example errors below. Can you fix them?

Incorrect
– The arrive of migrants can lead to social issues in the host country.
– Jason is a very energy speaker.
– Universities competition with each other.

What are the grammar rules?

1. In English, the various parts of speech (nouns, verbs, etc.) usually have different forms.

In the examples below, the noun form is competition, whereas the verb form is compete.

– There is a great deal of competition between the students.
– The students compete a great deal.

In your language, the various parts of speech may have exactly the same form, or parts of speech may be expressed differently. This can be a source of confusion.

2. Some words may have two or more noun or adjective forms. In these cases, the meaning is usually different.

In the examples below, both bored and boring are adjective forms, but they have different meanings. The adjective bored is used to describe how you feel when faced with something boring. That is, something boring makes you feel bored.

– The students are very bored.
– The teacher is very boring.

3. To use word forms correctly, you need to have a good understanding of sentence structure. You need to know, for example, when the noun form is needed.

4. When you learn a new word, make it a habit to write down the various parts of speech. A good learner’s dictionary will usually give you the various parts of speech.

Here’s a short list to get you started.

NounVerbAdjectiveAdverb
arrivalarrive
energyenergiseenergeticenergetically
competitioncompetecompetitivecompetitively
differencedifferdifferentdifferently
boredomborebored/boring

Corrected errors

Here are the corrected errors from the start of the lesson.

IncorrectCorrect
– The arrive of migrants can lead to social issues in the host country.– The arrival of migrants can lead to social issues in the host country.
– Jason is a very energy speaker.– Jason is a very energetic speaker.
– Universities competition with each other.– Universities compete with each other.

Quiz

More top 10 grammar errors