Learn key vocabulary related to environmental issues.
|wild animals that live in a natural environment
|We need policies that protect wildlife.
|damage to water, air, etc. caused by human activities
|The closure of factories reduces the amount of air pollution.
|materials that are thrown away because they aren't needed
|We should recycle a larger percentage of our household waste.
|relating to the production and use of nuclear energy (i.e. energy produced by splitting atoms)
|France relies on nuclear energy.
|national park (n.)
|land that is protected by the government so that people can visit and enjoy it
|Yellowstone National Park is almost 9,000 square kilometres in size.
|small pieces of rubbish (e.g. cans and bottles) that are left in a public space
|Please put your litter in the bins provided.
|die out (v.)
|disappear forever; become extinct
|The dinosaurs died out around 65 million years ago.
|process things (e.g. paper, glass) so that they can be used again
|Many types of plastic can be recycled.
|relating to energy obtained from the sun
|An increasing number of people are having solar panels installed on their roofs.
|climate change (n.)
|the long-term change to the world's temperature and weather patterns
|Climate change has received substantially more attention in the past decade.
|carbon dioxide (n.)
|the gas produced when humans and animals breathe out or by burning carbon
|Trees absorb carbon dioxide.
|global warming (n.)
|the long-term increase in the world's temperatures
|Global warming leads to rising sea levels.
|a hard black substance found below the ground that can be burnt to produce heat
|China is the world's largest coal producer.
|(of energy and natural resources) able to be replaced with no risk of running out
|Fossil fuels such as oil and coal are not renewable.
|involving the use of natural products and energy in a way that does not damage the environment
|There is now a greater emphasis on the use of sustainable building materials.
|all of the plants and animals living in a particular area and their relationship to each other and their environment
|Australia's Great Barrier Reef is a fragile ecosystem.
|greenhouse gas (n.)
|a gas (e.g. carbon dioxide) that is thought to trap heat above the Earth
|Governments around the world are taking measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
|used to describe a plant or animal that no longer exists
|Climate change has led to many species becoming extinct.
|fossil fuel (n.)
|a type of fuel (e.g. coal, oil) that is formed over millions of years
|We need to decrease our reliance on fossil fuels.
|a place where large amounts of waste are buried under the ground
|A lot of recycled clothing goes to landfill.
|the act of cutting down most or all of the trees in an area
|Deforestation leads to soil erosion.
|wind turbine (n.)
|a machine with long parts that are turned by the wind to produce electricity
|Some people do not like wind turbines because of the noise they produce.
|carbon footprint (n.)
|the amount of carbon dioxide produced by a person or organisation through daily activities, etc.
|We all need to reduce our carbon footprint.
|the situation where there are too many people living in particular area, country, etc.
|Overpopulation leads to a range of issues.
|carbon neutral (adj.)
|if something (e.g. an organisation, an activity) is carbon neutral, it removes as much carbon dioxide from the air as it produces
|Many new buildings are designed to be carbon neutral.