Grammar: Prepositions after nouns, verbs and adjectives
Look at the example errors below. Can you fix them?
|– Climate change has resulted rising global temperatures.|
|– The students participated
|– Canada is similar
What are the grammar rules?
1. A preposition is a word or group of words that are sometimes used after nouns, verbs and adjectives.
Here are some common prepositions:
at, from, for, in, on, to, with, out, of
2. Many nouns, verbs and adjectives have a particular preposition that is used after them.
– the reason for
– lead to
– be interested in
3. There is no easy way to know which prepositions will be used after different nouns, verbs and adjectives; you need to check in a good learner’s dictionary.
Here’s a short list to get you started:
|Noun + prep.||Verb + prep.||Adjective + prep.|
|discussion about sb. / sth.||apologise to sb. for sth.||afraid of sb. / sth.|
|difficulty with sb. / sth.||depend on sb. / sth.||good at sth.|
|proof of sth.||insist on sth.||interested in sb. / sth.|
|lack of sth.||search for sb. / sth.||polite to sb.|
4. When you learn a new noun, verb or adjective, write down any prepositions that are used with it. Also write down an example sentence. This will teach you how to actually use the word in a sentence. You can find the correct preposition as well as example sentences in a good leaner’s dictionary.
apologise to sb. for sth.
e.g. He apologised to his teacher for having forgotten to do his homework.
5. Be careful! After a preposition, you must use a noun or pronoun. If you want to use a verb, it must be the -ing form.
– The researcher was interested in frogs.
– The researcher was interested in them.
– The researcher was interested in studying frogs.
Here are the corrected errors from the start of the lesson.
|– Climate change has resulted rising global temperatures.||– Climate change has resulted in rising global temperatures.|
|– The students participated ||– The students participated in the study.|
|– Canada is similar ||– Canada is similar to the USA.|
Complete each sentence using the correct preposition.