Vocabulary: The Most Common Words in Academic English

Learn the 963 most common words in academic English.

RankMost common word formRelated word forms   
1repertoirerepertoires
2obtainobtained, obtaining, obtains
3distributiondistributions
4parameterparameters
5aspectaspects
6dynamicdynamics
7impactimpacted, impacting, impacts
8domaindomains
9publishpublished, publishes, publishing
10denotedenoted, denotes, denoting
11authorityauthorities
12semanticsemantics
13parparred, parring, pars
14ionions
15matrixmatrices, matrixes
16linear
17cognitive
18graphgraphed, graphing, graphs
19correlationcorrelations
20linguistic
21acidacids
22induceinduced, induces, inducing
23velocityvelocities
24intervalintervals
25discoursediscoursed, discourses, discoursing
26finite
27stimulusstimuli
28vectorvectors
29electronelectrons
30receptorreceptors
31theoremtheorems
32algorithmalgorithms
33fluidfluids
34developmental
35boundbounded, bounding, bounds
36molecularmoleculars
37transformationtransformations
38spatial
39coefficientcoefficients
40translationtranslations
41membranemembranes
42neuronneurone, neurones, neurons
43simulationsimulations
44lexical
45regimeregimes
46variancevariances
47moleculemolecules
48markermarkers
49empirical
50robotrobots
51statistical
52vowelvowels
53equilibrium
54intensityintensities
55regression
56diagnosis
57identificationidentifications
58nodenodes
59candidatecandidates
60partial
61correlatecorrelated, correlates, correlating
62mortality
63antibodyantibodies
64temporal
65particleparticles
66durationdurations
67behavioralbehavioural
68consumptionconsumptions
69bilingual
70sensitivitysensitivities
71similaritysimilarities
72optimaloptimals
73explicit
74mutationmutations
75colonialcolonials
76phonological
77spectrumspectra, spectrums
78nucleusnuclei
79onset
80integrationintegrations
81dominant
82pathwaypathways
83coordinatecoordinated, coordinates, coordinating
84calculationcalculations
85precedepreceded, precedes, preceding
86subsetsubsets
87syntacticsyntactics
88orientationorientations
89propositionpropositioned, propositioning, propositions
90inequalityinequalities
91identical
92prevalence
93differentialdifferentials
94generalizegeneralise, generalised, generalises, generalising, generalized, generalizes, generalizing
95beambeamed, beaming, beams
96pulsepulsed, pulses, pulsing
97normnorms
98traittraits
99predictionpredictions
100correspondencecorrespondences
101essentially
102syllablesyllabled, syllables
103chromosomechromosomes
104infectinfected, infecting, infects
105magneticmagnetics
106configurationconfigurations
107numericalnumericals
108namely
109intermediateintermediated, intermediates
110transmissiontransmissions
111dosedosed, doses, dosing
112occurrenceoccurrences
113maternal
114axis
115rational
116locusloci, locuses
117eliteelites
118approximationapproximations
119thesistheses
120sinsinned, sinning, sins
121classificationclassifications
122thresholdthresholds
123syndromesyndromes
124comparativecomparatives
125activateactivated, activates, activating
126adolescentadolescents
127vocabularyvocabularies
128encodeencoded, encodes, encoding
129utteranceutterances
130facilitatefacilitated, facilitates, facilitating
131incidenceincidences
132induction
133trajectorytrajectories
134manuscriptmanuscripts
135commonly
136grammatical
137accuracy
138adaptationadaptations
139amplitudeamplitudes
140cortexcortexes, cortices
141minimalminimals
142systematic
143horizontalhorizontals
144projectionprojections
145synthesissyntheses
146diameterdiameters
147conecones
148dependence
149organismorganisms
150emergence
151overlapoverlapped, overlapping, overlaps
152substitutionsubstitutions
153explicitly
154evident
155conceptual
156detection
157interactinteracted, interacting, interacts
158neuralneurals
159chronic
160integralintegrals
161enzymeenzymes
162conferenceconferences
163conceptionconceptions
164exexes
165ideologyideologies
166spermsperms
167quantitative
168spherespheres
169instabilityinstabilities
170mediatemediated, mediates, mediating
171specificationspecifications
172classifyclassified, classifies, classifying
173physicianphysicians
174computationcomputations
175oralorals
176mid
177indicatorindicators
178variantvariants
179evolutionary
180feedbackfeedbacks
181collectivecollectives
182arbitrary
183fractionfractions
184estimationestimations
185nonlinear
186compactcompacted, compacting, compacts
187deviationdeviations
188diagramdiagrammed, diagramming, diagrams
189tropical
190morphologymorphologies
191thereby
192syntax
193defectdefected, defecting, defects
194separationseparations
195convergenceconvergences
196sufficiently
197valid
198interfaceinterfaced, interfaces, interfacing
199radiation
200embedembedded, embedding, embeds
201verticalverticals
202acute
203utilityutilities
204complementcomplemented, complementing, complements
205leafleafed, leafing, leafs
206verbal
207aggregateaggregated, aggregates, aggregating
208equalityequalities
209corpus
210organorgans
211gradientgradients
212methodologymethodologies
213entityentities
214tumortumors, tumour, tumours
215fiberfibers, fibre, fibres
216paradigmparadigms
217psychologypsychologies
218infinite
219diverse
220diagnosticdiagnostics
221continuitycontinuities
222variabilityvariabilities
223outer
224notationnotations
225probeprobed, probes, probing
226migrationmigrations
227mathematical
228likelihood
229comparable
230magnitudemagnitudes
231arrayarrays
232inclusion
233emissionemissions
234inferenceinferences
235non
236consciousnessconsciousnesses
237simultaneously
238disturbancedisturbances
239hierarchyhierarchies
240rotationrotations
241periodicperiodics
242validity
243archaeology
244atomatoms
245modificationmodifications
246partitionpartitioned, partitioning, partitions
247initiateinitiated, initiates, initiating
248autonomy
249inhibitinhibited, inhibiting, inhibits
250consonantconsonants
251biologybiologies
252scenarioscenarios
253conditionalconditionals
254contrary
255discrete
256classroomclassrooms
257morphological
258laterallaterals
259injectioninjections
260effectiveness
261insectinsects
262logical
263calculus
264longitudinal
265usage
266neutralneutrals
267clientclients
268marginal
269characterizationcharacterisation, characterisations, characterizations
270ethical
271superiorsuperiors
272approximateapproximated, approximates, approximating
273composercomposers
274singular
275convergeconverged, converges, converging
276fetalfoetal
277comprehension
278implicit
279spanspanned, spanning, spans
280oxygen
281formulationformulations
282dialectdialects
283colonycolonies
284immune
285looplooped, looping, loops
286algebraalgebras
287derivativederivatives
288appendixappendices, appendixes
289overviewoverviews
290diffusiondiffusions
291specimenspecimens
292assertasserted, asserting, asserts
293widespread
294competencecompetences
295residualresiduals
296fusionfusions
297conservationconservations
298constrainconstrained, constraining, constrains
299differentiatedifferentiated, differentiates, differentiating
300virtuevirtues
301amino
302partially
303preliminarypreliminaries
304philosophical
305pre
306transactiontransactions
307prominent
308indigenous
309renderrendered, rendering, renders
310independently
311symbolic
312utilizeutilise, utilised, utilises, utilising, utilized, utilizes, utilizing
313physiological
314indirect
315assemblyassemblies
316calcium
317strictly
318psychiatricpsychiatrics
319unityunities
320critiquecritiqued, critiques, critiquing
321differentiationdifferentiations
322closureclosures
323minimizeminimise, minimised, minimises, minimising, minimized, minimizes, minimizing
324selective
325availability
326depictdepicted, depicting, depicts
327cuecued, cueing, cues
328parental
329ritualrituals
330fertility
331adjacent
332inhibitioninhibitions
333observerobservers
334readily
335questionnairequestionnaires
336generalizationgeneralisation, generalisations, generalizations
337qualitative
338tensetensed, tenses, tensing
339locally
340transcriptiontranscriptions
341nutrientnutrients
342reinforcereinforced, reinforces, reinforcing
343simulatesimulated, simulates, simulating
344statistically
345densedenser, densest
346ecologyecologies
347nullnulled, nulling, nulls
348terminalterminals
349informal
350dischargedischarged, discharges, discharging
351adaptive
352ecological
353protocolprotocols
354progressive
355aestheticaesthetics, esthetic, esthetics
356agricultureagricultures
357exploitexploited, exploiting, exploits
358practitionerpractitioners
359occupationoccupations
360equivalenceequivalences
361pragmaticpragmatics
362productivity
363arrowarrowed, arrowing, arrows
364reproducereproduced, reproduces, reproducing
365commentarycommentaries
366residueresidues
367unstable
368consensus
369simplifysimplified, simplifies, simplifying
370radiusradii
371artificial
372harvestharvested, harvesting, harvests
373suicidesuicides
374pi
375monkeymonkeyed, monkeying, monkeys
376habitathabitats
377assignmentassignments
378replicatereplicated, replicates, replicating
379mechanical
380disabilitydisabilities
381cattle
382purely
383contradictioncontradictions
384scatterscattered, scattering, scatterings, scatters
385problematic
386correctioncorrections
387linguistics
388hormonehormones
389primitiveprimitives
390ethicsethic
391accumulationaccumulations
392staticstatics
393consentconsented, consenting, consents
394substratesubstrates
395straightforward
396discriminationdiscriminations
397separately
398randomizerandomise, randomised, randomises, randomising, randomized, randomizes, randomizing
399sensory
400confineconfined, confines, confining
401mineralminerals
402peripheralperipherals
403spontaneous
404reliability
405clonecloned, clones, cloning
406orientoriented, orienting, orients
407elaborateelaborated, elaborates, elaborating
408nominal
409insertinserted, inserting, inserts
410reproductionreproductions
411dominance
412allocationallocations
413lunglungs
414productive
415decaydecayed, decaying, decays
416conscious
417thicknessthicknesses
418transmittransmits, transmitted, transmitting
419conceiveconceived, conceives, conceiving
420offspring
421resembleresembled, resembles, resembling
422circulation
423correctly
424necessitynecessities
425metaphormetaphors
426tracttracts
427liverlivers
428subjective
429accumulateaccumulated, accumulates, accumulating
430rejectionrejections
431maximizemaximise, maximised, maximises, maximising, maximized, maximizes, maximizing
432replacementreplacements
433amongst
434complicationcomplications
435pluralplurals
436valvevalved, valves
437absorption
438monetary
439thermalthermals
440likewise
441tolerancetolerances
442articulatearticulated, articulates, articulating
443donordonors
444fluxfluxed, fluxes, fluxing
445mobility
446manipulationmanipulations
447elevateelevated, elevates, elevating
448nationalism
449analogyanalogies
450adverse
451nitrogennitrogens
452plausible
453veinveined, veining, veins
454controversycontroversies
455wheat
456rewriterewrites, rewriting, rewritten, rewrote
457manualmanuals
458strategic
459peasantpeasants
460absorbabsorbed, absorbing, absorbs
461sketchsketched, sketches, sketching
462justificationjustifications
463lifetimelifetimes
464binarybinaries
465definite
466contourcontoured, contouring, contours
467executionexecutions
468rhythmrhythms
469ultimate
470dictionarydictionaries
471constitutionconstitutions
472acceleration
473undermineundermined, undermines, undermining
474disadvantagedisadvantaged, disadvantages, disadvantaging
475mythmyths
476strandstranded, stranding, strands
477unifyunified, unifies, unifying
478randomly
479philosopherphilosophers
480pronouncepronounced, pronounces, pronouncing
481workshopworkshops
482objectionobjections
483meaningful
484wavelengthwavelengths
485diagnosediagnosed, diagnoses, diagnosing
486accentaccented, accenting, accents
487realmrealms
488replicationreplications
489basinbasins
490admissionadmissions
491interestingly
492clarifyclarified, clarifies, clarifying
493gridgrids
494curriculumcurricula, curriculums
495displacementdisplacements
496coherent
497standardizestandardise, standardised, standardises, standardising, standardized, standardizes, standardizing
498civilizationcivilisation, civilisations, civilizations
499positively
500bacterial
501deficiencydeficiencies
502legitimatelegitimated, legitimates, legitimating
503sophisticatesophisticated, sophisticates
504accelerateaccelerated, accelerates, accelerating
505exponentialexponentials
506formally
507socially
508accurately
509influential
510progressionprogressions
511essenceessences
512cylindercylinders
513scholarshipscholarships
514sodium
515predominantly
516impulseimpulses
517oscillationoscillations
518theoristtheorists
519manipulatemanipulated, manipulates, manipulating
520alliancealliances
521crystalcrystals
522importantly
523stackstacked, stacking, stacks
524driftdrifted, drifting, drifts
525nestnested, nesting, nests
526fossilfossils
527dimensional
528resistant
529punishmentpunishments
530rhetoric
531artifactartefact, artefacts, artifacts
532carriercarriers
533surgical
534coordination
535turbulent
536quantum
537sedimentsedimented, sedimenting, sediments
538rayrays
539conserveconserved, conserves, conserving
540primerprimers
541graspgrasped, grasping, grasps
542bulkbulked, bulking, bulks
543terminologyterminologies
544vegetation
545triangletriangles
546traditionally
547executeexecuted, executes, executing
548intensive
549reconstructreconstructed, reconstructing, reconstructs
550broadly
551metabolism
552revolutionaryrevolutionaries
553mergemerged, merges, merging
554dilemmadilemmas
555motifmotifs
556motivemotives
557subtlesubtler, subtlest
558clinicclinics
559allocateallocated, allocates, allocating
560hydrogen
561dissertationdissertations
562susceptible
563architectarchitects
564coronary
565breakdownbreakdowns
566injectinjected, injecting, injects
567economisteconomists
568momentummomenta, momentums
569polar
570backwardbackwards
571multiplymultiplied, multiplies, multiplying
572morality
573communicative
574physically
575rainfall
576politically
577invasioninvasions
578inevitably
579capitalism
580expertiseexpertises
581inferiorinferiors
582actively
583quotationquotations
584composite
585historically
586textbooktextbooks
587bundlebundled, bundles, bundling
588elementary
589capitalistcapitalists
590flexibilityflexibilities
591cordcords
592initiationinitiations
593realistic
594horizonhorizons
595consultationconsultations
596rulerrulers
597freely
598rotaterotated, rotates, rotating
599commoditycommodities
600elevationelevations
601interveneintervened, intervenes
602compensatecompensated, compensates, compensating
603atomic
604trivial
605stancestanced, stances, stancing
606stabilizestabilise, stabilised, stabilises, stabilising, stabilized, stabilizes, stabilizing
607profound
608whereby
609ancestorancestors
610genetics
611protonprotons
612phosphatephosphates
613gravitygravities
614polepoled, poles, poling
615puzzlepuzzled, puzzles, puzzling
616respiratory
617eliminationeliminations
618exitexited, exiting, exits
619corruptioncorruptions
620circulatecirculated, circulates, circulating
621obscureobscured, obscures, obscuring
622contradictcontradicted, contradicting, contradicts
623interfereinterfered, interferes, interfering
624traumatraumas
625upwardupwards
626grossgrossed, grosser, grosses, grossest, grossing
627opticalopticals
628communistcommunists
629continentcontinents
630physics
631viable
632limblimbed, limbs
633retrieveretrieved, retrieves, retrieving
634presumepresumed, presumes, presuming
635rationality
636stereotypestereotyped, stereotypes, stereotyping
637slavery
638artistic
639anthropologyanthropologies
640facultyfaculties
641antibioticantibiotics
642portrayportrayed, portraying, portrays
643chemistry
644sexualitysexualities
645axiomaxioms
646pestpests
647fracturefractured, fractures, fracturing
648transplanttransplanted, transplanting, transplants
649goods
650shortly
651epidemicepidemics
652inversioninversions
653irrelevant
654mechanicmechanics
655epidemiology
656dissolvedissolved, dissolves, dissolving
657fatiguefatigued, fatigues, fatiguing
658nonetheless
659bargainbargained, bargaining, bargains
660infectious
661individually
662psychologistpsychologists
663trans
664irrigation
665diarydiaries
666treatytreaties
667rehabilitation
668illusionillusions
669batbats, batted, batting
670optimum
671feverfevered, fevers
672paradoxparadoxes
673kidneykidneys
674predatorpredators
675migratemigrated, migrates, migrating
676infinityinfinities
677shallowshallower, shallowest, shallows
678fundamentally
679synthetic
680solar
681hepatitis
682tontons
683bubblebubbled, bubbles, bubbling
684bracketbracketed, brackets, bracketted
685elasticityelasticities
686curecured, cures, curing
687contradictory
688sensationsensations
689sustainablesustainables
690elasticelastics
691machinerymachineries
692dictatedictated, dictates, dictating
693vitaminvitamins
694inclineinclined, inclines, inclining
695leisure
696enforcement
697cyclic
698preypreyed, preying, preys
699clueclues
700frictionfrictions
701parenthesisparentheses
702noblenobler, nobles, noblest
703potassium
704reactive
705genetically
706bacteria
707wisdom
708crudecruder, crudest
709realism
710deliberately
711chemotherapy
712surplussurpluses
713capillarycapillaries
714directivedirectives
715globalizationglobalisation
716alienaliens
717portfolioportfolios
718monopolymonopolies
719lifestylelifestyles
720invertinverted, inverting, inverts
721threadthreaded, threading, threads
722clay
723dyedyed, dyeing, dyes
724transcribetranscribed, transcribes, transcribing
725dilutediluted, dilutes, diluting
726tribetribes
727dampdamped, dampest, damping, damps
728economically
729critically
730secretesecreted, secretes, secreting
731hiphipped, hips
732plantationplantations
733prejudiceprejudiced, prejudices, prejudicing
734onwards
735anti
736helixhelices, helixes
737interruptinterrupted, interrupting, interrupts
738domination
739undergraduateundergraduates
740solublesolubles
741innate
742dioxidedioxides
743goatgoats
744emitemits, emitted, emitting
745confoundconfounded, confounding, confounds
746competent
747degradedegraded, degrades, degrading
748layoutlayouts
749fabricfabrics
750containercontainers
751fungusfungi
752reservoirreservoirs
753footnotefootnoted, footnotes
754bodily
755nicheniches
756vague
757affirmaffirmed, affirming, affirms
758urine
759afterwardafterwards
760jazzjazzed, jazzes, jazzing
761antiquityantiquities
762unemployed
763toxic
764yeast
765punishpunished, punishes, punishing
766forumfora, forums
767bleedbled, bleeding, bleeds
768overheadoverheads
769republicrepublics
770processorprocessors
771goodness
772auditaudited, auditing, audits
773complycomplied, complies, complying
774legendlegends
775slotslots, slotted, slotting
776draindrained, draining, drains
777abdominalabdominals
778media
779tempttempted, tempting, tempts
780outletoutlets
781precipitation
782foundsfounded, founding
783invadeinvaded, invades, invading
784interviewerinterviewers
785appleapples
786plannerplanners
787supposedly
788gutguts, gutted, gutting
789swellswelled, swelling, swells, swollen
790emperoremperors
791altitudealtitudes
792gaugegage, gaged, gages, gaging, gauged, gauges, gauging
793transparencytransparencies
794subsubbed, subbing, subs
795blankblanked, blanking, blanks
796chloridechlorides
797sensible
798weaveweaved, weaves, weaving, wove, woven
799destinationdestinations
800precipitateprecipitated, precipitates, precipitating
801painful
802industrializationindustrialisation
803lablabs
804seminarseminars
805minusminuses
806conduction
807audio
808subtractsubtracted, subtracting, subtracts
809facetfaceted, faceting, facets
810splicespliced, splices, splicing
811incumbentincumbents
812biodiversity
813chunkchunked, chunking, chunks
814credibility
815tutortutored, tutoring, tutors
816super
817finfins
818aluminumaluminium
819gramgrams
820liable
821marblemarbled, marbles
822pesticidepesticides
823technically
824criteria
825fringefringed, fringes, fringing
826messengermessengers
827biologistbiologists
828connotationconnotations
829deltadeltas
830tremendous
831snakesnaked, snakes, snaking
832fleshfleshed, fleshes, fleshing
833ghostghosted, ghosting, ghosts
834marrow
835surgeonsurgeons
836instinctinstincts
837industrializeindustrialise, industrialised, industrialises, industrialising, industrialized, industrializes, industrializing
838denominatordenominators
839stripestriped, stripes, striping
840juniorjuniors
841solventsolvents
842kilometerkilometers, kilometre, kilometres
843slabslabs
844clickclicked, clicking, clicks
845hedgehedged, hedges, hedging
846spraysprayed, spraying, sprays
847cinemacinemas
848plugplugged, plugging, plugs
849naked
850indifference
851eraseerased, erases, erasing
852powderpowdered, powdering, powders
853micro
854clipclipped, clipping, clippings, clips
855solutesolutes
856dissectiondissections
857censorcensored, censoring, censors
858portrayalportrayals
859statistics
860thumbthumbed, thumbing, thumbs
861acidic
862upliftuplifted, uplifting, uplifts
863flipflipped, flipping, flips
864congruent
865parcelparceled, parceling, parcelled, parcelling, parcels
866lecturerlecturers
867skipskipped, skipping, skips
868posterposters
869swordswords
870photographicphotographics
871auctionauctioned, auctioning, auctions
872barrelbarreled, barreling, barrelled, barrelling, barrels
873mentormentored, mentoring, mentors
874nicely
875lumplumped, lumping, lumps
876quizquizzed, quizzes, quizzing
877watershed
878literliters, litre, litres
879oxidizeoxidise, oxidised, oxidises, oxidising, oxidized, oxidizes, oxidizing
880mercury
881noisynoisier, noisiest
882headquarterheadquartered, headquartering, headquarters
883phenomenal
884multinationalmultinationals
885commacommas
886bizarre
887specialtyspecialities, speciality, specialties
888socializesocialise, socialised, socialises, socialising, socialized, socializes, socializing
889enormously
890novicenovices
891roperoped, ropes, roping
892campuscampuses
893clevercleverer, cleverest
894molemoles
895sometime
896bucketbuckets
897swapswapped, swapping, swaps
898reciperecipes
899airplaneaeroplane, aeroplanes, airplanes
900deflectiondeflections
901deceivedeceived, deceives, deceiving
902syllabussyllabi, syllabuses
903neatneater, neatest
904factorialfactorials
905leverlevered, levering, levers
906descriptordescriptors
907semestersemesters
908underneath
909reactorreactors
910herbicideherbicides
911bonusbonuses
912cheatcheated, cheating, cheats
913missilemissiles
914rubrubbed, rubbing, rubbings, rubs
915radarradars
916memorizememorise, memorised, memorises, memorising, memorized, memorizes, memorizing
917scripturescriptures
918whoever
919whichever
920bulletbullets
921punchpunched, punches, punching
922postgraduatepostgraduates
923artworkartworks
924pardonpardoned, pardoning, pardons
925millimetermillimeters, millimetre, millimetres
926incredible
927halfway
928deadlinedeadlines
929bangbanged, banging, bangs
930semi
931slashslashed, slashes, slashing
932ridiculous
933homework
934multi
935volition
936trickytrickier, trickiest
937cheercheered, cheering, cheers
938shuttleshuttled, shuttles, shuttling
939aerosolaerosols
940athleticathletics
941chess
942terribly
943unintelligible
944circa
945scrollscrolled, scrolling, scrolls
946sponsorshipsponsorships
947connectorconnectors
948nastynastier, nastiest
949incredibly
950neo
951entrantentrants
952hawkhawked, hawking, hawks
953handouthandouts
954tech
955rackracked, racking, racks
956applause
957demonstratordemonstrators
958calculatorcalculators
959mallmalls
960sneezesneezed, sneezes, sneezing
961sniffsniffed, sniffing, sniffs
962stadiumstadiums
963descendentdescendents

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The New Academic Word List by Dr. Charles Browne, Dr. Brent Culligan and Joseph Phillips (2013) is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0. Some related word forms were removed from the original list.